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Title:Political Figures with a Historian's Background Indicted by International Tribunals
Date of publishing:February 08, 2023
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Political Figures with a Historian's Background Indicted by International Tribunals

 

(last updated 8 February 2023)


SOURCE
This list is an update of the list first published in Antoon De Baets, Crimes against History (London: Routledge, 2019), 167–168.


Cambodia
Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia:
History teacher and Deputy Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea Ieng Sary (1925–2013)
Charges: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes
In prison but died in hospital before trial ended.
Source: [
E]


Germany
International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg:
Director of the SS-Ahnenerbe (“Ancestral Heritage”) Wolfram Sievers (1905–1948)
Charges:war crimes, crimes against humanity.
Hanged after trial.
Sources: [
E] – [E]


Ivory Coast
International Criminal Court:
Historian and former President of Ivory Coast Laurent Gbagbo (1945–).
Charge: crimes against humanity.
Acquitted January 2019.
Source: [
E]


Japan
International Military Tribunal for the Far East:
Historian and member of parliament Tokutomi Sohō (1863–1957).
Historian Shūmei Ōkawa (1886–1957)
Charge: war crimes.
Sohō not tried, house arrest until his death; Ōkawa not tried because of mental illness.
Sources: [E] – [
E]


Rwanda
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda:
Historian and radio director Ferdinand Nahimana (1950–).
Charges: conspiracy to commit genocide, genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide, complicity in genocide, crimes against humanity.
Sentenced to thirty years on appeal, in prison in Mali.
Sources: [
E] – [E] – [E]


NOTES ON CASES BEFORE NATIONAL TRIBUNALS

Austria

Military historian and General Edmund Glaise von Horstenau (1882–1946) was questioned by the interrogation division of the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg; with the prospect of being indicted in Austria, he committed suicide.

Bulgaria
Archaeologist and Prime Minister Bogdan Filov (1883–1945) was shot after a trial before a “people’s tribunal.” The sentenced was revoked by the Bulgarian Supreme Court in 1996.

Hungary
Historian and wartime minister Bálint Hóman (1885–1953) was sentenced for life after a trial for war crimes before a “people’s tribunal.” He died in prison. Rehabilitated in 2015.